US Researchers: Vitamin supplements do not improve heart health

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Manila, Philippines – Intake of multivitamin and mineral supplements does not prevent heart attacks, strokes or cardiovascular death, according to a new study published in the latest issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, an American Heart Association journal.

The analysts combined the results from 18 individual published studies, including randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies, which totalled more than 2 million participants and having an average of 12 years of follow-up.

It was found that there was no association between taking multivitamin and mineral supplements and a lower risk of death from cardiovascular diseases.

"We found no clinical benefit of multivitamin and mineral use to prevent heart attacks, strokes or cardiovascular death," the research team’s lead author, Joonseok Kim said.

Kim, assistant professor of cardiology in the Department of Medicine at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, said that;

"Although multivitamin and mineral supplements taken in moderation rarely cause direct harm, we urge people to protect their heart health by understanding their individual risk for heart disease and stroke and working with a healthcare provider to create a plan that uses proven measures to reduce risk,"

Kim said that such proven measures include “heart-healthy diet, exercise, tobacco cessation, controlling blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels, and when needed, medical treatment.”

Also, American Heart Association's chief medical officer for prevention and chief of the Association's Centers for Health Metrics and Evaluation, Eduardo Sanchez urged everyone to “eat a healthy diet for a healthy heart”

"There's just no substitute for a balanced, nutritious diet with more fruits and vegetables that limits excess calories, saturated fat, trans-fat, sodium, sugar and dietary cholesterol,"  said Sanchez

 Source: PNA

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